Mai Furuhashi, Yukinori Hatasa, Sae Kawamura, Takahiro Shibata, Mitsugu Akagawa, and Koji Uchida*


Polyphenols have received a significant amount of attention in disease prevention because of their unique chemical and biological properties. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for their beneficial effects remains unclear. We have now identified a polyphenol as a source of innate epitopes detected in natural IgM and established a unique gain-of-function mechanism in the formation of innate epitopes by polyphenol via the polymerization of proteins. Upon incubation with bovine serum albumin (BSA) under physiological conditions, several polyphenols converted the protein into the innate epitopes recognized by the IgM Abs. Interestingly, piceatannol, a naturally occurring hydroxylated analogue of a red wine polyphenol, resveratrol, mediated the modification of BSA, whose polymerized form was specifically recognized by the IgMs. The piceatannol-mediated polymerization of the protein was associated with the formation of a lysine-derived cross-link, dehydrolysinonorleucine. In addition, an oxidatively deaminated product, α-aminoadipic semialdehyde, was detected as a potential precursor for the cross-link in the piceatannol-treated BSA, suggesting that the polymerization of the protein might be mediated by the oxidation of a lysine residue by piceatannol followed by a Schiff base reaction with the ε-amino group of an unoxidized lysine residue. The results of this study established a novel mechanism for the formation of innate epitopes by small dietary molecules and support the notion that many of the beneficial effects of polyphenols could be attributed, at least in part, to their lysyl oxidase-like activity. They also suggest that resveratrol may have beneficial effects on human health because of its conversion to piceatannol.

Paper Information

: Biochemistry
: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00409