Masaru Fujimoto*, Kazuo Ebine*, Kohji Nishimura*, Nobuhiro Tsutsumi, and Takashi Ueda (*Co-first author, Corresponding author)


The plasma membrane (PM) acts as the interface between intra- and extracellular environments and exhibits a tightly regulated molecular composition. The composition and amount of PM proteins are regulated by balancing endocytic and exocytic trafficking in a cargo-specific manner, according to the demands of specific cellular states and developmental processes. In plant cells, retrieval of membrane proteins from the PM depends largely on clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). However, the mechanisms for sorting PM proteins during CME remain ambiguous. In this study, we identified a homologous pair of ANTH domain-containing proteins, PICALM1a and PICALM1b, as adaptor proteins for CME of the secretory vesicle-associated longin-type R-SNARE VAMP72 group. PICALM1 interacted with the SNARE domain of VAMP72 and clathrin at the PM. The loss of function of PICALM1 resulted in faulty retrieval of VAMP72, whereas general endocytosis was not considerably affected by this mutation. The double mutant of PICALM1 exhibited impaired vegetative development, indicating the requirement of VAMP72 recycling for normal plant growth. In the mammalian system, VAMP7, which is homologous to plant VAMP72, is retrieved from the PM via the interaction with a clathrin adaptor HIV Rev-binding protein in the longin domain during CME, which is not functional in the plant system, whereas retrieval of brevin-type R-SNARE members is dependent on a PICALM1 homolog. These results indicate that ANTH domain-containing proteins have evolved to be recruited distinctly for recycling R-SNARE proteins and are critical to eukaryote physiology.

Paper Information

: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
: 10.1073/pnas.2011152117