Kohji Murase, Yoshitaka Moriwaki*, Tomoyuki Mori, Xiao Liu, Chiho Masaka, Yoshinobu Takada, Ryoko Maesaki, Masaki Mishima, Sota Fujii, Yoshinori Hirano, Zen Kawabe, Koji Nagata, Tohru Terada, Go Suzuki, Masao Watanabe, Kentaro Shimizu, Toshio Hakoshima*, and Seiji Takayama*


Self-incompatibility (SI) is a breeding system that promotes cross-fertilization. In Brassica, pollen rejection is induced by a haplotype-specific interaction between pistil determinant SRK (S receptor kinase) and pollen determinant SP11 (S-locus Protein 11, also named SCR) from the S-locus. Although the structure of the B. rapa S9-SRK ectodomain (eSRK) and S9-SP11 complex has been determined, it remains unclear how SRK discriminates self- and nonself-SP11. Here, we uncover the detailed mechanism of self/nonself-discrimination in Brassica SI by determining the S8-eSRK–S8-SP11 crystal structure and performing molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Comprehensive binding analysis of eSRK and SP11 structures reveals that the binding free energies are most stable for cognate eSRK–SP11 combinations. Residue-based contribution analysis suggests that the modes of eSRK–SP11 interactions differ between intra- and inter-subgroup (a group of phylogenetically neighboring haplotypes) combinations. Our data establish a model of self/nonself-discrimination in Brassica SI.

Paper Information

: Nature Communications
: 10.1038/s41467-020-18698-w