Shotaro Hirase*, Ayumi Tezuka, Atsushi J. Nagano, Mana Sato, Sho Hosoya, Kiyoshi Kikuchi, Wataru Iwasaki*


Hybridization between divergent lineages generates new allelic combinations. One mechanism that can hinder the formation of hybrid populations is mitonuclear incompatibility, i.e. dysfunctional interactions between proteins encoded on the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of diverged lineages. Theoretically, selective pressure due to mitonuclear incompatibility can affect genotypes in a hybrid population in which nuclear genomes and mitogenomes from divergent lineages admix. To directly and thoroughly observe this key process, we de novo sequenced the 747 Mb genome of the coastal goby, Chaenogobius annularis, and investigated its integrative genomic phylogeographics using RNA-sequencing, RAD-sequencing, genome re-sequencing, whole mitogenome sequencing, amplicon-sequencing, and small RNA-sequencing. Chaenogobius annularis populations have been geographically separated into Pacific Ocean (PO) and Sea of Japan (SJ) lineages by past isolation events around the Japanese archipelago. Despite the divergence history and potential mitonuclear incompatibility between these lineages, the mitogenomes of the PO and SJ lineages have coexisted for generations in a hybrid population on the Sanriku Coast. Our analyses revealed accumulation of nonsynonymous substitutions in the PO-lineage mitogenomes, including two convergent substitutions, as well as signals of mitochondrial lineage-specific selection on mitochondria-related nuclear genes. Finally, our data implied that a microRNA gene was involved in resolving mitonuclear incompatibility. Our integrative genomic phylogeographic approach revealed that mitonuclear incompatibility can affect genome evolution in a natural hybrid population.

Paper Information

: Evolution
: 10.1111/evo.14120