The efficacy of memantine in the treatment of civilian posttraumatic stress disorder: an open-label trial.
Hori H, Itoh M, Matsui M, Kamo T, Saito T, Nishimatsu Y, Kito S, Kida S, Kim Y.
- : Currently, there is a paucity of pharmacological treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the development of a novel pharmacotherapeutic approach has become a matter of great interest.
- : We conducted a 12-week open-label clinical trial to examine the efficacy and safety of memantine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, in the treatment of civilian PTSD.
- : Thirteen adult patients with DSM-IV PTSD, all civilian women, were enrolled. They were monitored at an ambulatory care facility every week until 4 weeks and then every 4 weeks until 12 weeks. Memantine was added to each patient’s current medication, with the initial dosage of 5 mg/day and then titrated. Concomitant medications were essentially kept unchanged during the trial. The primary outcome was PTSD diagnosis and severity assessed with the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS).
- : Of the 13 cases, one dropped out and two were discarded due to the protocol deviation, and the analysis was done for the remaining 10. Mean PDS total scores decreased from 32.3 ± 9.7 at baseline to 12.2 ± 7.9 at endpoint, which was statistically significant with a large effect (paired t-test: p = .002, d = 1.35); intrusion, avoidance, hyperarousal symptoms were all significantly improved from baseline to endpoint. Six patients no longer fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of PTSD at endpoint. Some adverse, but not serious, effects possibly related to memantine were observed, including sleep problems, sleepiness, sedation, weight change and hypotension.
- : Memantine significantly reduced PTSD symptoms in civilian female PTSD patients and the drug was well tolerated. Future randomized controlled trials are necessary to verify the efficacy and safety of memantine in the treatment of PTSD.
- : European Journal of Psychotraumatology
- : 10.1080/20008198.2020.1859821
- : https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2020.1859821