Large-scale distribution and composition of floating plastic debris in the transition region of the North Pacific
Miyazono, K., R. Yamashita, H. Miyamoto, N, H. A. Ishak, K. Tadokoro, Y. Shimizu, K. Takahashi*
Floating plastic debris was investigated in the transition region in the North Pacific between 141°E and 165°W to understand its transportation process from Asian coast to central subtropical Pacific. Distribution was influenced primarily by the current system and the generation process of the high concentration area differed between the western and eastern areas. West of 180°, debris largely accumulated around nearshore convergent area and was transported by eddies and quasi-stationary jet from south to the subarctic region. The average was 15% higher than that previously reported in 1989, suggesting an increase in plastic debris in 30 years. East of 180°, debris concentrated in the calm water downstream of the Kuroshio Extension Bifurcation with considerably high concentration (505,032 ± 991,989 pieces km-2), due to the accumulation of small transparent film caused by calm weather conditions, suggesting a further investigation on small plastic (<1 mm) in the subsurface depth in the subtropical North Pacific.
- : Marine Pollution Bulletin
- : 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112631
- : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X21006652