April 28, 2017

Biosynthesis of sakuranetin, a flavonoid anti-fungal phytoalexin that occurs in rice, is highly dependent on jasmonic acid (JA) signalling and induced by a variety of environmental stimuli. We previously identified OsNOMT, which encodes naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase (NOMT); NOMT is a key enzyme for sakuranetin production. Although OsNOMT expression is induced by JA treatment, the regulation mechanism that activates the biosynthetic pathway of sakuranetin has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we show that JA-inducible basic helix-loop-helix transcriptional factor OsMYC2 drastically enhances the activity of the OsNOMT promoter and is essential for JA-inducible sakuranetin production. In addition, we identified 2 collaborators of OsMYC2, OsMYC2-like protein 1 and 2 (OsMYL1 and OsMYL2) that further activated the OsNOMT promoter in synergy with OsMYC2. Physical interaction of OsMYC2 with OsMYL1 and OsMYL2 further supported the idea that these interactions lead to the enhancement of the transactivation activity of OsMYC2. Our results indicate that JA signalling via OsMYC2 is reinforced by OsMYL1 and OsMYL2, resulting in the inductive production of sakuranetin during defence responses in rice.……

For details, please refer to the following link
   http://www.a.u-tokyo.ac.jp/topics/2017/20170428-1.html (Japanese)

Paper Information

Satoshi Ogawa*1, Koji Miyamoto*2, Keiichirou Nemoto*3, Tatsuya Sawasaki*3, Hisakazu Yamane*2, Hideaki Nojiri*1 & Kazunori Okada*1

Author Affiliations
*1 Biotechnology Research Center, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
*2 Department of Biosciences, Teikyo University, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, Japan
*3 Proteo-Science Center, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan

DOI: 10.1038/srep40175